U.S. Citizenship through Naturalization: N-400
Becoming a citizen through naturalization is a process in which a none U.S citizen voluntarily becomes an American citizen.
Citizens owe allegiance to the United States and are entitled to its protection and to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens.
To obtain U.S. citizenship through naturalization, foreign citizens of nationals must fulfill specific requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). There are also several available pathways that eligible applicants can complete.
Green Card Holders
Permanent resident green card holders must meet several requirements to obtain U.S. Citizenship.The requirements are as follows:
• Be 18 or older
• Be a green card holder for at least five years
• Lived within the state, or USICS district, for at least three months before applying
• Continuous residence in the U.S. as a green card holder for at least five years
• Physical presence in the U.S. for at least 30 months out of the five years
• Reside continuously in the U.S. from application to time of naturalization
• Be able to read, write and speak English
• Know U.S. history and government
• Be a person of good moral character and loyal to the principles of the Constitution
Green Card Holders Married To U.S. Citizens
Green cardholders who are married to a U.S. citizen can apply for naturalization under different eligibility requirements. These include having been a permanent resident for at least three years, married to the same U.S. citizen spouse during that time, and other residency and physical presence requirements.
Green Card Holders In The Military
U.S. immigration values the selfless commitment of foreign nationals who serve our country in the armed forces.
As such, members of the military, as well as their family, may be eligible for citizenship through an expedited process.
This form of naturalization may also be conducted through overseas processing, if necessary.
Citizenship Through Parents
Foreign citizens may also obtain citizenship through their parents through two distinct pathways, one at birth and one after birth, but before the age of 18.
Children born outside of the U.S. can obtain citizenship if both parents were U.S. citizens at the time of birth, one parent is a U.S. citizen at the time of birth, and the birth-date is on or after November 14, 1986, or when one parent is a U.S. citizen at the time of birth and the birthday is before November 14, 1986 but after October 10, 1952.
Citizenship through parents can also be awarded before the age of 18 if the child was under age 18 or not yet born on February 27, 2001 to at least one U.S. citizen parent, the child’s parents both naturalized before their 18th birthday, or the child was adopted by a U.S. citizen parent.